Comparison test for real series/Statement

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Grade: D
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Routine, but a reference would be good


Suppose [ilmath](a_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N} } [/ilmath] and [ilmath](b_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N} } [/ilmath] are real sequences and that we have:

  1. [ilmath]\forall n\in\mathbb{N}[a_n\ge 0\wedge b_n\ge 0][/ilmath] - neither sequence is non-negative, and
  2. [ilmath]\exists K\in\mathbb{N}\forall n\in\mathbb{N}[n>K\implies b_n\ge a_n][/ilmath] - i.e. that eventually [ilmath]b_n\ge a_n[/ilmath].


  • if [ilmath]\sum^\infty_{n\eq 1}b_n[/ilmath] converges, so does [ilmath]\sum^\infty_{n\eq 1}a_n[/ilmath]
  • if [ilmath]\sum^\infty_{n\eq 1}a_n[/ilmath] diverges so does [ilmath]\sum^\infty_{n\eq 1}b_n[/ilmath]